As any professional New Brunswick podiatrist can attest, there are many different types of toenail disorders that can befall a person over the course of his or her lifetime. Fungal infections, which we’ve touched upon previously, are one of them. Here’s a look at three more that warrant a visit to the podiatrist:
Periungual Warts are the first toenail disorder that we wanted to address. Typically forming around the toenail or underneath it, they tend to be very contagious and arise due to the presence of the human papillomavirus. Once a periungual wart diagnosis is made, the podiatrist may recommend one of several treatment options. Those options include laser treatments, salicylic treatments, topical creams and cryotherapy. It should also be mentioned that because the warts have a tendency to spread quickly and reoccur, it is not uncommon for treatment regimes to be repeated.
Koilonychia is another toenail disorder that may occur in a person’s lifetime. It is easily recognizable because as the disorder advances, the person’s toenails curl into a spoon-like shape. The toenails may also split in the middle, thin out and become dry. This disorder is common among people who suffer from Celiac Disease, chronic anemia and other nutritional related problems. Furthermore, it can be hereditary or brought about by additional health problems too (i.e. heart disease and cancer). Clearly, the reason why a person develops koilonychia must be considered when a podiatrist chooses a treatment method. Options that have been used in the past include the adoption of a special diet, nutritional supplement regimen, anti-fungal creams and moisturizing emollients.
Finally, we wanted to mention onycholysis. It is a painless nail disorder with many origins, some of which can be quite unsettling. When a person has the disorder, all or part of his or her toenails may fall off. The toenail may also develop a white, gray, brown, yellow or green color. Some of the many things that may cause the disorder to occur are hypothyroidism, fungal or bacterial infections, Raynaud’s disease, severe sunburns and psoriasis.
When a person presents with a case of onycholysis, the podiatrist must address the symptoms as well as the underlying cause. Otherwise, the condition is likely to continue or reappear. In most instances, the partially unattached toenail will need to be removed. Afterward, the podiatrist may apply anti-fungal creams, drying agents or other topical treatments to clear up any infection.
To learn more about these toenail disorders and others, please reach out to our East Brunswick podiatry clinic. We can professionally assess your situation, make a diagnosis and offer appropriate treatment solutions.